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Archival description
Doukhobor collection Sub-series
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Photographs

This sub-series consists of 24 photographs of Stephan Sorokin. Many of the photographs are portraits or close-up of Sorokin at different ages, however, very few photographs are actually dated. Some of the photographs depict Sorokin with individuals or groups of people and some photographs were taken at events.

General documents

This sub-series consists of lists, timelines, statements, petitions, reports, correspondence, memos, and newspaper clippings that document various aspects of Doukhobor history in Canada. The matters contained in this sub-series include: arrival of Doukhobors in Canada, relationship between the Doukhobor community, Verigins and the Sons of Freedom, as well as relationship of the Doukhobors with the Soviets and with the Canadian government. This sub-series includes printed, mimeographed and handwritten documents in Russian and/or English. Some are original documents and some are photocopies. In some cases, Russian handwritten document is supplied with a Russian and English version mimeograph.

Writings

This sub-series consists of the reports, writings, speeches, talks, addresses, mandate, manual, texts of songs created on behalf of the CCUB by its executive members. These documents relate to the history and ideology of the Doukhobor communities and its leaders and were written for the benefit of the communities. This sub-series contains both original mimeographed and manuscript documents as well as photocopies of documents. Most documents are in Russian and a few in English.

Correspondence to P.P. Verigin

This sub-series consists of the correspondence sent to P. V. Verigin by various members of the CCUB, including: M. Streliaev, I. Shukin, V. Ribin, P. Biriukov, V. Bonch-Bruevich, I. Tregubov, I. Gorbunov-Posadov, G. Rezendort. Some letters refer to the planned arrival of Peter P. Verigin in Canada, others to matters of the Doukhobor leadership. Also, includes correspondence from War Resisters International. All correspondence in this sub-series is mimeographed; some records are originals and some are photocopies. All records are in Russian.

Circular letters

This sub-series consists of circular letters to be read at an assembled meetings. The bulk of the letters dates between 1908-1911. Often they consist of direction from the CCUB, such as livestock to sell, when to clear the fields, or when to come to a meeting. The letters relate to the CCUB operation in British Columbia and Saskatchewan (Station Vering). The letters also deal with the logistics of the move to British Columbia. Most of the letters were issued on the Christian Community of Universal Brotherhood (CCUB) letterhead, but there are some without any letterhead and some on the Office of the Peter V. Verigin letterhead. Most of the letters are original mimeographs and only a few photocopies. All records are in Russian.

Correspondence from P.P. Verigin

This sub-series consists of the personal and Doukhobor community matters correspondence of P. V. Verigin sent to various members of the CCUB, including: A. Katelnikov, I. Shukin, V. Makhonin, N. Kotelnikov, V. Ribin, V. Makhonin, N. Kotelnikov, I. Kutniakov, V. Sukharev, I Tregubov ,Ivan Zebrov, Ivan Rylkoff, Ivan Kanigin, Ivan Dubasov and Mikhail Kazakoff, Leaders of CCUB and Youth Union. Some of the correspondence reflect Verigin’s plan for economic restructuring of the CCUB. All correspondence in this sub-series is mimeographed, except for one hand-written letter. Some of the records are original mimeographs, some are photocopies. Some mimeographs are signed only by P.P. Verigin while others were transcribed from originals by others. Transcriber is not always indicated. All records are in Russian.

War related documents

This sub-series consists of records relating to the Canadian government requirement of men registration for the military conscription purposes in 1940 and the Society of Named Doukhobor members efforts to be exempt from conscription based on their doctrine and beliefs.

Meeting minutes

This sub-series consists of mimeographed CCUB convention minutes held in Nadezhda, Verigin Station and Spasskoye between 1908-1912, and photocopies of the CCUB meetings minutes held in Brilliant, BC and Verigin Sask. between 1925-1928. Nadezhda and Verigin minutes contain income and expenditure statements. Most of the Brilliant and Verigin meeting minutes contain by-law documents.

Financial records

This sub-series consists of documents of financial nature that include: correspondence, reports, statements, receipts, purchase orders, bills of sales, accounting books. These documents were created by the CCUB executive members in branch offices in British Columbia, Saskatchewan, Manitoba and Washington State in USA. These sub-series also contains legal documentation that relate to the financial operations of the CCUB and its members. Most of the documents in this sub-series are original mimeographs, some with handwritten notes, as well as there is some handwritten documents. Most documents are in Russian and some are in English.

Documents

This sub-series consists of the various documents created by operations and activities of the CCUB and its executive members. Most of the documents relate to the legal aspects of the CCUB and Doukhobor community in terms of land holdings, loans, crops, population, attitude towards war, etc. Other documents relate to the administration and ideological structures of the CCUB and the community. The documents include: forms, reports, statements, lists, certificates, correspondences, protocols, congress proceedings, legal counsel correspondence, and notices. The following people and subgroups are mentioned: John Obed Smith, P. Kazakoff, N. Khabykin, I. Makhonin, I. Podovinnikoff, P.P. Verigin, W. M. Malakoff, W. Blackmore, P. V. Verigin, M. V. Cazakoff (Kazakoff), S. Vereshchagin, S. Reibin, James Merv, J. P. Trofimenkoff, G. Zbeetnoff, W. Perepolkin, J. Tarry, Sun Life Assurance Company, National Trust Company, Great-West Assurance Company, Named Doukhobor Society of Canada, Youth Union. There is considerable number of original printed forms, mimeographs and manuscript documents, but there are also many photocopies. Documents are both in English and Russian.

Immigration

This sub-series consists of records relating to the Doukhobor immigration and settlement in Canada as well as issues of citizenship.

Financial records

This sub-series consists of records relating to financial operation of the USCC and the Doukhobor community in British Columbia and Saskatchewan. The sub-series includes: accounting ledger, correspondence, bills, receipts, notes, statements and reports.

Land related documents

This sub-series documents land disputes that existed between the Sons of Freedom, the CCBRD and the CCUB and the USCC. The documents include: open letters, memos, resolutions, appeals, statements, excerpts from publications, proceedings of the hearings, clippings, and articles. This sub-series includes printed, mimeographed and handwritten documents in Russian and/or English. Some are original documents and some are photocopies. In some cases, Russian handwritten document is supplied with a Russian and English version mimeograph.

Journals

This sub-series consists of the individual Doukhobor writings in the format of journals and diaries. The records describe personal experiences of the authors in Russia before immigration to Canada and their experiences as immigrants in Canada and United States as well as later visits to Soviet Union. The records contain personal experiences of the authors as well as accounts of Doukhobor life and their community as immigrants.
Most of the records are in Russian.

Correspondence

This series consists of the correspondence received and send on behalf of the CCUB by its executive members including: I. Konkin, K. Ribin T. Slaykin, S. Vereshagin, M. P. Glukhov, P. Birukoff, S. V. Kuchin, I. P. Shukin, V. P. Ribin, G. V. Vereshagin, P. G. Aniutushkin, M. W. Cazakoff, I. I. Ivin and V. Makhoni, T. S. Samorodin, V. A. Sukharev [Soukoreff], N. M. Plotnikoff, Cecil Koochin and others. Some correspondence was an exchange between the mentioned members and some was sent out to various governmental agencies in Canada and other organizations. The correspondence relates to the matters of Doukhobor communities in B.C. and Saskatchewan and operations of the CCUB. In specific, some documents relate to financial issues, farming, Doukhobors attitudes toward military service and legal matters. Some letters refer to P. P. Verigin (Chistiakov and some addressed to him. Most documents are mimeographed, except for a few handwritten ones. Many documents are originals and there are also some photocopies of documents. The majority of the documents are in Russian and a few in English.

Doukhobor Research Committee

This sub-series contains documents relating to the work of the Doukhobor Research Committee. It includes affidavits and letters.
The documents include index.

Writings

This sub-series consists of various writings created by the members of Sons of Freedom that illustrate their approach to life and their beliefs. This sub-series includes: songs texts, writings, letters, resolutions, speeches, messages, essays, addresses, protocol, and appeal. In many cases authorship and date of the documents are unknown. Known authors include: A. W. Efanov (Freedomite, “intellectual”, protester and probably an arsonist) and Florence Potapoff. The records are in Russian and/or English; some are handwritten and some printed.

Land

This sub-series consists of records relating to Doukhobor settlement and land holdings in Saskatchewan and British Columbia.

Arson related documents

This sub-series documents the Sons of Freedom involvement in arson and bombing, including of the burning of J. J. Verigin’s house in Brilliant, BC. The sub-series consists of witness statements, articles and newspaper clippings. This sub-series includes printed, mimeographed and handwritten documents in Russian and/or English. Some are original documents and some are photocopies. In some cases, Russian handwritten document is supplied with a Russian and English version mimeograph.

Assorted writings

This sub-series consists of assorted writings by various authors that are often unidentified. The records include published and unpublished writings, articles, newspaper clippings, lists, excerpts from publications, manuscripts, philosophical writings, song texts, notes, transcriptions of writings, speeches, declarations and other writings. These records illustrate Doukhobor ideological and religious views and the Doukhobor way of life.

General documents

This sub-series consists of various documents that were created by the USCC and its members and that relate to the operations of the USCC and matters relating to the Doukhobor community from late 1930s until 1984. The documents include: reports, meeting minutes, protocols, petitions, correspondence, legal documents, forms, essays, articles, and clippings.

Prison related documents

This sub-series consists of various records documenting the Doukhobor incarceration experiences over several decades. The records relate to the Doukhobor beliefs and ideology, influence of their leaders, Doukhobor justification for the participation in unlawful activities that ultimately resulted in incarceration, as well as the hardship and suffering of the community as a whole caused by incarceration. Some documents refer to the mistreatment of the Doukhobors by the Canadian government. Many authors of the documents are women. The documents include: correspondence, statements, petitions, lists, accounts of events, drawings, songs texts, declarations, slogans, writings, articles and clippings. The records are in Russian and/or English; many are handwritten and some with accompanying transcriptions; some are original documents and some are photocopies.

Sons of Freedom related documents

This sub-series consists of various documents that relate to the Sons of Freedom, including protests, imprisonment, legal matters, children’s detention, conflict with the government officials and interactions with the CCBRD. The documents include: correspondence, notes, writings, statements, petitions, appeals, lists, protocols, declarations, resolutions, court proceedings, clippings, and reports.

Verigins

This sub-series consists of government records relating to the life and leadership of Peter V. Verigin, Peter. P. Verigin and John J. Verigin. The bulk of the records relate to the death of Peter V. Verigin and resulting investigation as well as to the arrest and intent of deportation of Peter P. Verigin.

General documents

This sub-series consists of records relating to various matters of the Doukhobor communities being reported and recorded by various government agencies, such like BC Attorney General, office of BC Premier, Ministry of Justice, Ministry of External Affairs, RCMP and others. This records contain documents relating to alleged actions of terrorism, arson, bombings, and other matters such as imprisonment, protests, Doukhobor children, Doukhobor connection to the Soviet Union, military service, Doukhobor customs, etc.

Association of Canadians of Russian Descent (ACRD)

This sub-series contains records of the Association of Canadians of Russian Descent dating between 1960 and 2010. These records include minutes of meetings, correspondence, publications, photographs, membership lists, programs, administrative records, financial records, songs text, music, notes, newspaper clippings, ephemera, Iskra issues, essays and photographs. Because of the pro-Russian attitude of this organization came under scrutiny of both Canadian and US security branches. Part of the records relates to the organization and celebration of the 70th jubilee celebration of Doukhobor arrival in Canada and Russian-Canandian Festival of 1987.
Records in both Russian and English, some include translations, handwritten and typed.

Membership

This sub-series consists of various lists of Doukhobor people belonging to organizations existing within the Doukhobor community, such as the CCBRD and the Sons of Freedom. These documents were either compiled by the representatives of these Doukhobor organizations or by the Canadian government officials. Some list provide details of residence, age, timeline of arrival in Canada, community leadership, and community blacklist.

Kootenay Committee on Intergroup Relations (KCIR)

This sub-series consists of records created by Lapshinoff either officially or unofficially for the CCBRD including matters of land, fires, education, and Verigins’ leadership. The sub-series includes correspondence, clippings, reports, meeting minutes, transcripts, receipts, committee proceedings, statements, declarations, notes, speeches, writings, chronologies and lists of events, and photographs.

Photographs

This sub-series consists of photographic black & white and color images depicting the Sons of Freedom’s various protest and gathering activities from 1927 until 1993. The protests and gatherings were results of various circumstances that the Sons of Freedom found unjustly and worthy of fighting against. Some of the protest were the response to the Canadian government treatment of the Sons, including detention of the children or prison sentences given for arson and public nudity. Other protests were prompted by discontent with leadership issues and divisions within the Doukhobor community as well as by eagerness to demonstrate the Sons’ beliefs. This sub-series includes images of protesters gathering, marching and/or being arrested; images of trek to Aggasiz and camp settlement; images of arson; images of nude protests and images of visits to New Denver School Dormitory where the Sons of Freedom children were detained

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