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Archival description
Doukhobor collection Sub-series
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Correspondence

This series consists of the correspondence received and send on behalf of the CCUB by its executive members including: I. Konkin, K. Ribin T. Slaykin, S. Vereshagin, M. P. Glukhov, P. Birukoff, S. V. Kuchin, I. P. Shukin, V. P. Ribin, G. V. Vereshagin, P. G. Aniutushkin, M. W. Cazakoff, I. I. Ivin and V. Makhoni, T. S. Samorodin, V. A. Sukharev [Soukoreff], N. M. Plotnikoff, Cecil Koochin and others. Some correspondence was an exchange between the mentioned members and some was sent out to various governmental agencies in Canada and other organizations. The correspondence relates to the matters of Doukhobor communities in B.C. and Saskatchewan and operations of the CCUB. In specific, some documents relate to financial issues, farming, Doukhobors attitudes toward military service and legal matters. Some letters refer to P. P. Verigin (Chistiakov and some addressed to him. Most documents are mimeographed, except for a few handwritten ones. Many documents are originals and there are also some photocopies of documents. The majority of the documents are in Russian and a few in English.

Documents

This sub-series consists of the various documents created by operations and activities of the CCUB and its executive members. Most of the documents relate to the legal aspects of the CCUB and Doukhobor community in terms of land holdings, loans, crops, population, attitude towards war, etc. Other documents relate to the administration and ideological structures of the CCUB and the community. The documents include: forms, reports, statements, lists, certificates, correspondences, protocols, congress proceedings, legal counsel correspondence, and notices. The following people and subgroups are mentioned: John Obed Smith, P. Kazakoff, N. Khabykin, I. Makhonin, I. Podovinnikoff, P.P. Verigin, W. M. Malakoff, W. Blackmore, P. V. Verigin, M. V. Cazakoff (Kazakoff), S. Vereshchagin, S. Reibin, James Merv, J. P. Trofimenkoff, G. Zbeetnoff, W. Perepolkin, J. Tarry, Sun Life Assurance Company, National Trust Company, Great-West Assurance Company, Named Doukhobor Society of Canada, Youth Union. There is considerable number of original printed forms, mimeographs and manuscript documents, but there are also many photocopies. Documents are both in English and Russian.

Ephemera and publications

This sub-series consists of broadsides, ephemera, pamphlets, invitations, calendar, publications, newsletters, newspapers and magazines created by the USCC and its executive members, as well as by agencies outside of the Doukhobor community, but that relate to the Doukhobors. These records documents the history of the Doukhobor community as well as their culture, ideology and beliefs.

Key people

This sub-series consists of various documents that pertain to the specific individuals within the Doukhobor community that belong to or had relations with the Sons of Freedom group. The documents found in this sub-series include: correspondence, writings, messages, statements, petitions, resolutions, appeals, notebooks, clippings, articles and account of events. This sub-series includes following themes: Doukhobor leadership issues, splits in the Doukhobor community, arson, imprisonments, children education and children’s removal from homes by the government, the Sons of Freedom and the Reformed Doukhobors. Documents are in Russian or English, some are printed and some handwritten.

Land related documents

This sub-series documents land disputes that existed between the Sons of Freedom, the CCBRD and the CCUB and the USCC. The documents include: open letters, memos, resolutions, appeals, statements, excerpts from publications, proceedings of the hearings, clippings, and articles. This sub-series includes printed, mimeographed and handwritten documents in Russian and/or English. Some are original documents and some are photocopies. In some cases, Russian handwritten document is supplied with a Russian and English version mimeograph.

Arson related documents

This sub-series documents the Sons of Freedom involvement in arson and bombing, including of the burning of J. J. Verigin’s house in Brilliant, BC. The sub-series consists of witness statements, articles and newspaper clippings. This sub-series includes printed, mimeographed and handwritten documents in Russian and/or English. Some are original documents and some are photocopies. In some cases, Russian handwritten document is supplied with a Russian and English version mimeograph.

Key people correspondence and documents

This sub-series consists of documents relating to the specific individuals within the Doukhobor community and the CCBRD as well as individuals outside of the Doukhobor community, whose work and activity closely relate to the CCBRD operations, ideology, and legal and financial matters. Considerable amount of record in this subseries is related to Steve Lapshinoff’s activity as executive member of the Christian Community and Brotherhood of the Reformed Doukhobors and Fraternal Council. The records contain his writings and translations, personal and business correspondence, research records, his trial, pardon and traveling records. Many records reflect his relationship with Stefan Sorokin and Ann Sorokin, and Sons of Freedom as well as Lapshinoff’s involvement in the Kootenay Committee on Intergroup Relations and and his effort in recording of the Doukhobor history. This sub-series includes correspondence, writings, notes, statements, reports, commentaries, questionnaires, newspaper clippings, text of songs and other less specific documents.

Land documents

This sub-series consists of various documents relating to the Doukhobor owned land in British Columbia and in Saskatchewan, its use, management and development, land disputes with the CCUB, the Sons of Freedom, the USCC and the Canadian government, property taxes and legal matters. Documents in this sub-series include: applications and forms, property tax notices and eviction notices, land titles, land permits and licenses, correspondence, reports, statements, resolutions, legal notices, court proceedings and documents, maps, and clippings. The majority of the documents relate to the time period between 1950s-1980s, but many documents are accompanied by photocopies of earlier land documents from the time of early Doukhobor settlements in British Columbia and Saskatchewan. This file also includes many documents relating to the acquisition, development and use of land referred to as New Settlement Street in Krestova.

Publications and clippings

This sub-series consists of various publications and newspaper clippings that document various matters relating to the Doukhobor community and the organizations within the community such as the CCBRD, the USCC and the Sons of Freedom. Some of the documents relate to the Doukhobor relations with the Canadian government and their attitude toward the Soviet Union. Many publications in this file are created by the CCBRD, its Fraternal Council and some were created by the Investigative Symposium of the CCBRD. These publications contain often ranting, doctrinal, argumentative, historical, and political information and many are authored by Steve Lapshinoff. Some documents are in Russian and some in English. On occasion files contain copies of documents in both languages.

General documents

This sub-series consists of various documents that relate to the CCBRD operations and organizational agenda as well as to the Doukhobor community beliefs, ideology and history. Some documents in this sub-series focus on particular individuals, other relate to the whole community or specific organizations within the community, such as the USCC, the Sons of Freedom, the CCUB and K.I.C.R. This sub-series includes index of articles written about the Doukhobors between 1920s and 1980s.

Individual writings

This sub-series consists of writings by individual members of the Doukhobor community. These writings consists of messages to community, articles published and unpublished, manuscript of book, festival speeches, notebooks, narratives, and other assorted writings.

Administrative records

This sub-series consists of administrative records created by the Editorial Board and management of the Iskra

Symposiums records

This sub-series consists of the original source materials, hand-written first draft of English translation, working notes, reference documents and correspondence related to the Joint Doukhobor Research Committee symposium meetings from 1974-1982. This sub-series includes a rare copy (1 of 3) of complete Symposium summary typed in Russian.

General committees and conferences records

This sub-series consists of the records that relate to various committees and conferences that Eli Popoff participated in and attended on behalf of USCC. The records include correspondence, brochures, conferences materials, clippings, financial records, notes, writings, meeting minutes and other material. The records include documents of Moscow Peace Conference, Canada-USSR Friendship Society, peace conferences, Committee on Future, Doukhobor Centenary Conference and others. The records contain material relating to interactions with Russian and other governments, possible migration, peace initiatives, travel exchanges and perestroika.

MRA Conferences

This sub-series consists of the records related to the Moral Re-Armament Conferences held in Caux, Switzerland in the 1990s. The records include promotional material, booklets, brochures, photographs, publications, diary, Canadian Newsletter published by Moral Re-Armament and other related material.

USCC general records

This sub-series consists of the various records relating to the USCC and its executive members and their relationship with members of the Doukhobor community and Doukhobor and other organizations. This sub-series contains records related to trips that the USCC executive members took as representative of the USCC, including trips to Russia and relationship of with Russian Government in early 1990 and 2000s and joint cultural projects, such as restaurant at Tolstoy's estate. It also includes records related to the Doukhobor community, youth and sport organizations, history of Doukhobor leadership and other records.

Kootenay Committee on Intergroup Relations (KCIR)

This sub-series consists of records created by Lapshinoff either officially or unofficially for the CCBRD including matters of land, fires, education, and Verigins’ leadership. The sub-series includes correspondence, clippings, reports, meeting minutes, transcripts, receipts, committee proceedings, statements, declarations, notes, speeches, writings, chronologies and lists of events, and photographs.

Migration Committee

This sub-series consists of the records of Committee on Future and Committee on Migration. The Committee on Migration was established to investigate possibility of Doukhobors’ return to the land of their forefathers in the Soviet Union. The USCC Executive Committee and the Doukhobor Future Committee (DFC) decided to create two steering Committees. One committee to research the possibility of Doukhobor revival through the development of a desired lifestyle in Canada and the other committee to research such revival in the Soviet Union

Popoff's writings

This sub-series consists of the various writings and notes of Eli Popoff relating to the nature of Doukhobor history, religion, beliefs, culture, education, singing and life-style choices. This sub-series includes texts of speeches, some translations and transcriptions of writings by other authors with the commentary by Popoff. Some of these writings were used as resources for the Iskra publication and some are related to the USCC. This sub-series also contains drafts and related material of works written by Popoff: Origin of Doukhobor Life Concept; What is the meaning of Doukkhobor; Recollections of Early Doukhobor Settlement in the Castlegar-Kinnard Area; Tolstoy in the Lives of Two Families; Katya; Origin of the Doukhobor Surnames.

Articles, notes, correspondence

This sub-series contains various records created and collected by Eli Popoff and Iskra staff such as notes, drafts of articles and issues of Iskra as well as material such as articles, clippings, notes and data collected as a research resource for the Iskra content. It contains both published and unpublished material.

Administrative records

This sub-series consists of the administrative records that relate to the operation of the USCC as organization. It includes the Executive Committee and Board of Trustees meeting minutes (protocols), agendas, correspondence, financial records, circular letters, land related material, USCC newsletters, records related to the membership and records relating to the USCC relations with other Doukhobor organizations.

Meeting minutes

This sub-series consists of mimeographed CCUB convention minutes held in Nadezhda, Verigin Station and Spasskoye between 1908-1912, and photocopies of the CCUB meetings minutes held in Brilliant, BC and Verigin Sask. between 1925-1928. Nadezhda and Verigin minutes contain income and expenditure statements. Most of the Brilliant and Verigin meeting minutes contain by-law documents.

War related documents

This sub-series consists of records relating to the Canadian government requirement of men registration for the military conscription purposes in 1940 and the Society of Named Doukhobor members efforts to be exempt from conscription based on their doctrine and beliefs.

Event records

This sub-series consists of pamphlets, correspondence, reports, booklets, programs, newspaper special editions and supplements, and calendars that document various event celebrated by the Doukhobor communities as well as the Doukhobor history and culture.

Writings

This sub-series consists of various writings created by the members of Sons of Freedom that illustrate their approach to life and their beliefs. This sub-series includes: songs texts, writings, letters, resolutions, speeches, messages, essays, addresses, protocol, and appeal. In many cases authorship and date of the documents are unknown. Known authors include: A. W. Efanov (Freedomite, “intellectual”, protester and probably an arsonist) and Florence Potapoff. The records are in Russian and/or English; some are handwritten and some printed.

Photographs

This sub-series consists of photographic black & white and color images depicting the Sons of Freedom’s various protest and gathering activities from 1927 until 1993. The protests and gatherings were results of various circumstances that the Sons of Freedom found unjustly and worthy of fighting against. Some of the protest were the response to the Canadian government treatment of the Sons, including detention of the children or prison sentences given for arson and public nudity. Other protests were prompted by discontent with leadership issues and divisions within the Doukhobor community as well as by eagerness to demonstrate the Sons’ beliefs. This sub-series includes images of protesters gathering, marching and/or being arrested; images of trek to Aggasiz and camp settlement; images of arson; images of nude protests and images of visits to New Denver School Dormitory where the Sons of Freedom children were detained

Sons of Freedom related documents

This sub-series consists of various documents that relate to the Sons of Freedom, including protests, imprisonment, legal matters, children’s detention, conflict with the government officials and interactions with the CCBRD. The documents include: correspondence, notes, writings, statements, petitions, appeals, lists, protocols, declarations, resolutions, court proceedings, clippings, and reports.

Writings

This sub-series consists of various writings by the Doukhobor individuals or about the Doukhobor community and their beliefs. The documents in this sub-series include: essays, poems, dairies, notebooks, articles, text of songs, speeches, reports, messages, clippings and other writings.

Photographs

This sub-series consists of 24 photographs of Stephan Sorokin. Many of the photographs are portraits or close-up of Sorokin at different ages, however, very few photographs are actually dated. Some of the photographs depict Sorokin with individuals or groups of people and some photographs were taken at events.

Serials

This sub-series consists of single or multiply issues of the serials, magazines and journals. Some of the general serials contain only a single article relating to the Doukhobors. Other serials such as Iskra and Vestnik are published by the Doukhobor community themselves and are dedicated to the matters of the Doukhobors entirely.

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