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Archival description
Valhalla Wilderness Society fonds Sub-series
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Boreal forests

This sub-series containing records related to 1991 cross-country trip that McCrory took to document the crisis in Canada’s northern boreal forests. The records represent materials collected during that trip as well as other material related to the boreal forests in Canada and in other location in the world. McCrory coined the phrase “Brazil of the North” in reference to Canadian boreal forests and this phrase is often found through this fonds. Some of the records related to the work of Canada’s Future Forest Alliance (CFFA) network organization, found by McCrory, aimed to reform forest policy and practice. Other records related to Taiga Rescue Network, also formed with McCrory help, that aims to protect boreal forests. It contains reports, correspondence, news clippings, news releases, articles, papers, reports, publications and maps.

Canada's Future Forest Alliance

This sub-series contains records of the Canada’s Future Forest Alliance (CFFA) organization formed by Colleen McCrory in 1991 during her cross-country journey to mobilize grassroot movement to protect boreal forests. This organization brought together the network of environmentalists, Indigenous peoples, labor and community groups and individuals interested in the reform of forest policy and practices. The records contain organization’s mission statement, correspondence, memos, press releases, notes, lists of organizations, and other records.

Canadian groups

This sub-series contains records related to Canadian based organization in general and some specific to the individual provinces, with the majority of records relating to BC organizations, including British Columbia Environmental Network that Colleen McCrory was involved in.

Clayoquot Sound

This sub-series contains records related to land use, resource management and protection of rainforest of Clayoquot Sound area on Vancouver Island. The records document interaction of Valhalla Society, agencies of the provincial government of BC, CORE, Nuu-chah-nulth Tribe, The Friends of Clayoquot Sound group and other involved groups.

Climatic change

This sub-series contains various records related to the climate change concerns including its effects on soil, ozone, greenhouse gases, acid rains, etc. The majority of the documents consist of reports, news items and correspondence.


This sub-series contains newspaper clippings related to environmental issues that VWS was concern with including forestry, pulp-mill and logging industry, recreational industry, parks, watersheds, biodiversity, etc.


This sub-series contains general correspondence with various groups and individuals as well as accompanying records. The sub-series includes correspondence with various international environmental groups.


This sub-series documents the state of economy in Canadian provinces, specifically British Columbia and Alberta and the relation of economy to the forest and pulp industry. This sub-series contains corporate reports, reports of local economic councils and small business communities, government reports, academic and scientific analysis and proposals of alternative foundations and organization. Other records include correspondence, news releases, publications, plans and memos

Energy industry

This sub-series contains records related to the energy industry in British Columbia, Alberta and Canada in general, including electricity produced by hydro, oil and gas power plants and the implication of energy production on the natural environment. A part of the sub-series documents opposition to the construction of Site C dam in British Columbia. The majority of the documents consist of reports, news items and correspondence.

Forest certification and stewardship

This sub-series documents the development and creation of the Forest Stewardship program and Forest Stewardship Council, including analysis of all the necessary practices for creation of sustainable forestry and certification requirements, including CFL -Community Forest Licenses and CFA -Community Forest Agreements. Valhalla advocated true forest stewardship and creating sustainability and potential for the implementation of a community eco-system based plan. The sub-series includes records on tree farm licenses, data on jobs in forestry industry forest renewal, and logging regulation, etc. Some records pertain to situation in Canada and some describe international conditions.

Forestry and pulp industry

In the early 1990, McCrory began travelling across Canada in a van and began creating a grassroot network of groups working on forest issues. These travels resulted in documenting of pulp and paper industry’s plans to increase the amount of logging taking place in Canada. This sub-series contains documents that resulted from the travel as well as other documents created and collected subsequently that contain records on logging practices and policies, reports on sensitive forest ecosystems and wildlife inhabiting these ecosystems across Canada, reports of pollution and specific pollutants created by pulp and paper industry, as well as general and in-depth forestry practices. The records contain information on softwood lumber companies, quotas and trade legislation and practices. In addition, this sub-series contains information, reports, data and lists related to corporations involved in forestry industry and various forestry regulation and agreements. The records were created and collected by VWS, other environmental activist organizations, involved government agencies, and corporations. The sub-series contains reports, articles, policies, clippings, correspondence, newsletters, brochures, data sheets, maps, corporate details and other material.
This sub-series is divided into sub-sub-series based on geographic location of the forestry and pulp mills: Canada, British Columbia, Saskatchewan, Manitoba, Alberta, World.

General records

This sub-series contains records related to general environmental, wilderness and biodiversity issues across Canada and in other location in the world. The issues mentioned include: pesticide, poisons, pollution, endangered animal and plant species, garbage and recycling, and ecosystems conservation issues. The records include reports, articles, news items, correspondence, brochures, ephemera, maps, photographs, and samples.

General records

This sub-series contains records related to Valhalla organizational activities in relation to Colleen McCrory work, including presentation, contact lists, memos, and general matters.

Governement - NDP

This sub-series contains records related to the National Democratic Party (NDP) as political party of BC and as the Government of British Columbia as well as the major party at the federal level. This sub-series documents NDP policies focused on the environmental protection and the forestry industry of British Columbia and Canada. Some files refer to the individual NDP members as party candidates or as elected representatives: Don Carlett, Corky Evans, Lois Boone, Jim Fulton, and Mike Hartcourt. This sub-series contains correspondence, reports, analysis, promotional material, clippings, press releases, articles, minutes and other records.

Governement policies and documents

This sub-series contains various reports, policies and recommendation of government agencies in relation to environment, forestry, land use, water and similar. Most of the records in this sub-series are related to the British Columbia government, and some records are related to the federal government of Canada and some to the government of the US.

Indigenous peoples

This sub-series contains records related to the Indigenous peoples in Canada and their relation to land, forest and industries, provincial and federal government. The records document Indigenous peoples’ opposition to logging and pollution created by the pulp industries. Many records relate to Lubicon Lake Nation dispute and settlement with the Daishowa corporation. Other records relate to the Indigenous rights, treaties and reconciliation. Some records relate to Algonquin peoples, Ulkatcho people and Grassy Narrows Nations. The sub-series contains reports, correspondence, press releases, news clippings, papers and statement.

International groups

This sub-series contains records related to forestry and wildlife protection worldwide. Some records relate to the international situation in general and some refer to the specific countries. In addition, some records relate to activities of the Taiga Rescue Network and Canada’s Future Forest Alliance.

Jumbo Glacier Resort

This sub-series contains records related to the proposed ski development of Jumbo Glacier Resort in the Jumbo Creek Valley located west of Invermere in the Purcell Mountains of the Kootenays and opposition to the project by various wilderness protection organizations, including the VWS and Jumbo Creek Conservation Society. Colleen McCrory played key role in leading this campaign. Some records relate to the Gizzly bear protection in the area of the proposed development. The records were created by the project developers (Pheidias Project Management Corp.), government agencies, and wilderness protection organizations.

Kootenay Boundary Land Use

This sub-series contains records related to work of the Commission on Resources and Environment (CORE) with a mandate to develop strategy for land use and resource management across the province with focus on specific regions and with the protection of forest ecosystems and watershed in mind. The formation of CORE was influenced by the high public profile of the Endangered Wilderness campaign created by Valhalla. That campaign highlighted the speed of wilderness areas loss in the province and the need for protection and creation of parks. This sub-series documents CORE work on Kootenay-Boundary region land use plans and the opposition to CORE recommendations by some groups. It includes reports and recommendations as well as correspondence of the CORE representative with Valhalla Society and other involved groups. This sub-series also contains Kootenay-Boundary Land Use Plan documentation and implementation strategies prepared by the Kootenay Inter-Agency Management Committee.

Other publications

This sub-series contains various publications, magazine, newsletters, articles, conference materials, reports, brochure and papers related to environmental issues and protection of ecosystems. The publications include: New Catalyst, Wild Rockies Networker, Watershed Sentinel, Reach for Unbleached, Friends of Ecological Reserves, Friends of Clayoquot Sound, and Global Biodiversity magazine


Valhalla Society’s Endangered Wilderness Map project was a base for creation of the first proposal for comprehensive wilderness protection in Canada. That campaign highlighted the loss of wilderness and need for protection of ecosystems in the province of British Columbia. As a result, the public demand for protected areas and new parks led to creation of regional CORE (Commission on Resources and the Environment) that contributed to establishment of 100 new parks. This sub-series contains records on the state of national and provincial parks as well as federal and provincial acts and policies regarding parks and wilderness protection. This sub-series documents the approach of the government agencies, involved political parties, Indigenous peoples, industries and environmental groups. The records document wilderness areas and endangered species considered of high importance that should be protected in British Columbia and other provinces. This sub-series includes reports, maps, correspondence, management plans, government wilderness policy plans, annual reports news releases, articles, clippings, ephemera, brochures, notes, recommendations, etc.


This sub-series contains reports prepared for the Valhalla Society by Richard M. Caniell. These reports highlight writings of Robert L. Smith and George Fitchett aimed against environmental movement.

Share and hate/general groups

This sub-series contains records related to Share groups or Share societies of BC that formed in response to the forest preservation movements and formation of the parks. Share societies aimed at the protection of working land and use of the forest for their livelihood. In addition, this sub-series contains records related to the anti-environmental groups, religious/cult groups, wise use movement group, forest and pulp mill industry sympathizers and other similar groups and movements that opposed the protection of forests. Some materials related to the matters of racism, human rights and free speech.

Singing forest

This sub-series contains records related to campaign to protect the old growth forest in West Kootenay, located at the East side of the Tenise Creek and a portion of Howser Creek that local people call “Singing forest”.

Taiga Rescue Network

This sub-series contains records related to the Taiga Rescue Network, an international organization formed with the help of Colleen McCrory, aimed to protect boreal forest across the world. The sub-series documents international campaign to preserve boreal and rainforest around the world. It contains records related to formation of the organization, its mandate, and its membership. This sub-series contains material related to the Canada’s Future Forest Alliance.

United States groups

This sub-series contains records related to the United States’ organization involved in environment protection, and forest industry and forestry products trade, including workers’ unions involved in forestry. Many records refer to the forest issues existing in Canada and in other places in the world.

Valhalla Park

This sub-series contains material related to the establishment of the Valhalla Provincial Park, a result of McCrory’s first campaign to save the Valhalla forests and mountains. The records include a draft of master plan, maps and plans for subsequent developments in the vicinity of the Park. This sub-series also includes 1984 Slocan Valley Development Guidelines prepared by the Province of BC.

Valhalla publications

This sub-series contains various publication created by Valhalla Wilderness Society and its closely affiliated organizations to provide information and highlight environmental issues in the province of British Columbia as well as to highlight various campaigns to protect the wilderness that Valhalla organized. The publications were created by Valhalla Wilderness Society, Canada’s Future Forests Alliance, Citizens for Environmentally Responsible Government and Perry Ridge Water Users Association. The material includes bulletins, newsletters, flyers, brochures and newspaper format.

Watershed advocacy

This sub-series contains material on conditions and need for protection of watershed regions and their wild inhabitants in Canada. It documents plans and policies regarding management of river system and lakes in British Columbia, Alberta, Saskatchewan and Canada in general. Some records contain information on the management of fisheries. In addition, the sub-series contains records related to drinking water usage and water quality in British Columbia municipalities and rural areas. It documents government watershed policies and plans as well as their critiques. It also documents watershed policies and their relation to land use policies and forestry industries. Moreover, the sub-series contains records of the Endangered Wilderness campaign and protection of watershed regions in Canada. It contains correspondence, reports, newspaper clippings, articles, etc